Safety @ Sea started in the spirit of the Sea Promise to Guard Against Water Accidents.
Purpose: Instruct youth on how to throw a ring buoy. Can be done in a pool or off a dock. Deploy target area 30 feet out from where Sea Scouts are standing.
How to Coil Line and Throw Ring Buoy:
1. The line must be considerably longer than the distance it is to be thrown or it will probably fall short of the target.
2. The line must be coiled carefully and evenly with the draw of the loops toward the free end; the loops should be smaller than those made for other purposes.
3. Hold the shipboard end of the line in one hand and the coil to be thrown in the other.
4. The coil must be thrown properly—in an underhand motion with a strong, swinging motion.
5. Release it when the arm is well above the shoulders and at not too great a distance.
6. Always aim past the head and shoulders of the person in the water, so the ring buoy can be recovered by them as it is being pulled in.
Cold Water Survival
The effects of hypothermia can be demonstrated with a bucket filled with ice and water.
Use any of the following to see how cold water impacts physical activity:
Survival Suit Training
Purpose: Teach youth cold water survival and importance of survival gear.
Youth begin by tying knots with the line and their hands submerged in a bucket of ice water. The knots should be the Square Knot, the Bowline and Figure of Eight.
Youth put on Survival Suits. Youth enter the water.
Youth swim over to the life raft, right it and climb in. Youth exit back into the water.
Youth are hosted out of the water by Life Sling.
Line for Knots
Line to Secure Life Raft
Fire Extinguisher Training
The first time using a fire extinguisher should not be during an actual emergency. Contact the local fire department to see if they have a flash pan trainer for fire extinguishers. There are digital trainers as well that simulate using a fire extinguisher, which avoids clean-up.
Strongly recommend using water mist extinguishers and a portable trainer, such as Dräger Fire Extinguisher Trainer or Lion’s Prop Enabled Extinguisher Training for examples.
FlaresCheck with city and county requirements if any permits are required.
Purpose: Teach youth on proper handling of flares.
Ask youth when they think they would need to use a flare. Discuss flare usage.
Youth are to each ignite on handheld flare. Remind youth not to stare into the burning flare. Go over basics of how to hold a flare. Show proper disposal in a bucket full of water.
Bucket of Water
Man Overboard RecoveryConduct man overboard recovery drills using a small boat, such as Boston Whaler, to recover an “Oscar” MOB dummy by performing a Williamson Turn.
Damage ControlDamage Control includes all efforts to prevent damage to a ship, as well as all action taken to reduce harmful effects of damage after it happens.
The Coast Guardman’s Manual, 9th Edition, page 443.
Purpose: Instruct youth on emergency equipment in a flooding situation. Instruct youth on damage control.
Youth are to form a bucket brigade between the P6 barrels to empty water from one barrel to the other.
Step 1: Let youth enter the trainer and start flooding. Watch how they react and perform DC.
Step 2: Discuss with youth proper DC, such as use of wedges, marlin and even drilling the end of cracks to stop them from spreading. Highlight effective DC might be only reducing the flooding by 50%.
Step 3: Let youth run the flooding situation again.
Instructors should cover the 3 main objectives of DC:
Electrical Repair Kits
Fire Hose Handling
Purpose: Instruct youth on basics of fire hose handling.
A pulley system is set with a fender hanging off a pulley. Sea Scouts aim a fire hose and push the fender to the opposite side.
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